: Consider yourself as a job analyst of any company and discuss various job analysis method and prepare job description and job specification for at least two positions in your company.


2 responses


You manage things; you lead people (Johnson & Hackman, 2018). Knowing the difference between managing and leading is very imperative, especially if one is in the position to lead. When I think of management, I think of paperwork. Managing bills, reports, documents, and the organization as a whole. On the other hand, when I ponder on a leader, I envision someone who is a mentor, providing guidance, displaying their role rather than working in the position. Bolman and Deal (2017) quoted Gardner (1989), “You can be a leader without being a manager.”

Leaders possess the skills to create change, while managers stabilize the organization (Nahavandi, 2014).  Stabilizing the organization and leading the organization are two separate things. Managers are not usually leading the organization anywhere, rather than working toward increasing revenue. Whereas leaders are leading the organization toward greater productivity and job satisfaction. For with increased productivity and job satisfaction, the organization will continue to operate effectively. Creating change consists of being innovative and implementing that change. Whereas managers do not implement any changes, they more so enforce those changes. Leaders guide individuals through the change, taking their opinions and concern into consideration. On my old job, the leader, Mrs. Lisa would discuss the change with us that the parish wanted us to implement. She would ask us for our input. If the change were going to cause harm or be ineffective, Mrs. Lisa would consult with the parish again to see if there was a different way to implement the change or discard the change altogether. Leaders advocate for their employees. Managers possess a different role than leaders. Stovall (2018),  mentioned that managers are reactive, while leaders are proactive.  Leaders are always constantly thinking about ways to improve the organization and the betterment of the organization as a whole. While a manager utilized his or her position as power, a leader utilizes interpersonal skills as his or her power. 

Bolman, L.G. and Deal, T.E. (2017) Reframing Organizations, (6th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Nahavandi, A. (2014). The art and science of leadership. Harlow, Essex, England: Pearson Education Limited.

Stovall, J. (2018, August). Are you a leader of a manager? Understanding Leadership and Management. Retrieved August 27, 2020, from HR.com


Topic: How do leadership and management differ?

Effective leadership can be defined in terms of group performance. In simpler terms, the leader is effective if the group is performing efficiently. Another definition may explain that effective leadership is present when employee satisfaction is high. “Leaders are effective when their followers are satisfied” (Nahavandi, 2014). Effective leadership can, also, be described as “the successful implementation of change in an organization” (Nahavandi, 2014). In my opinion, an effective leader should be composed of all of these explanations.

John Kotter (2013) states that there are key differences between leadership and managing. The difference is that leadership creates a system for managers to manage. “Managing consists of planning, budgeting, organizing, staffing, controlling, and problem solving” (Kotter, 2010). In simpler terms, management takes an organization and makes it function in the way it was designed to. “Leadership is a set of processes involving creating a vision of the future and a strategy for getting there” (Kotter, 2010). The presenter further explains that it is the leader’s responsibility to communicate the vision in a way that gets others motivated to buy into it. The leader, also, has to create an environment that motivates and inspires people to make that vision a reality.

Kotter’s (2013) explanation coincides with Bolman and Deal’s (2017) statement, one can be a leader without being a manager. After reviewing all of the aforementioned information, I believe that leaders develop a strategy to accomplish the vision and managers are hired to manage the employees as they carry out the strategy. However, it is significant to understand that leaders and managers are essential to the organization. The leaders inspire, motivate, and encourage others to accomplish a goal. The managers plan, organize, and coordinate strategies that are necessary to achieve set goals. There are differences between the leadership and management roles, but both roles are vital components of any business.

Bolman, L.G. & Deal, T.E. (2017) Reframing Organizations, (6th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 

               ISBN: 9781119261825 

Kotter, J. (2013). The Key Differences Between Leading and Managing. Retrieved

              from, www. youtube.com/watch?     


Nahavandi, A. (2014). The Art and Science of Leadership. (7th Ed.). San Diego, CA: Pearson

             Education, Inc.

African American Studies


Write an analytical and thoughtful 3 page reaction paper to Part 1 (A Definition of Terms) of the required textbook  Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? : And Other Conversations About Race” by Beverly Tatum (2017). Write on the topics “Whiteness, Blackness, and Painful History” and the “Identity Development in Adolescence.” Your reaction should consist of your views, opinions, and or feelings related to the stories expressed in the book. It is expected that this paper will be written at a level representative of a college student with a senior level standing in Human Relations or higher. Your essay must integrate important aspects of the readings  into your writing and should be cited. Outside sources must clearly cited in text and on a reference page if any is incorporated.  



Page requirement is 4-6 pages mgmt ip4

Path-goal theory focuses on the ability of leaders to motivate followers to achieve success. The theory built upon the foundation of expectancy theory that states followers will be motivated when they are confident that they can be successful in achieving the goal. However, there have been many instances related to social movements as far back as the 1700s when followers have been motivated against many odds and barriers with a low likelihood of success. When you look at social movements like the Abolition Movement, Women’s Rights Movement, Labor Movements, Civil Rights Movement, and even Occupy Wall Street, followers were highly motivated, and the likelihood of success was not evident.

  • Do you think these social movements contradict the path-goal theory? Justify your  answer. 
  • Formulate your own theory as to how these movements are able to motivate so many followers. Support your theory with scholarly research. 
  • Why do you think so many of these movements are called “leaderless” movements? 

If you have little knowledge of our experience with social movements, please read the Unit Four Learning Material article by Nepstad & Bob, “When Do Leaders Matter? Hypotheses on Leadership Dynamics in Social Movements,” Mobilization, 2006

Recruitment process


Read all information provided in this section before beginning this assignment, which accounts for 30% of your grade.

You are a Consultant Recruiter with XYZ Recruitment, Inc. You have been contracted by “State University” to assist them with the recruitment and selection of a Project Associate for the university. A job description for this position is attached to assist you with the development of your action plan and presentation.

For this assignment, create a PowerPoint slide presentation for the HR team of the university that details your recruitment strategy, process, procedures, and the timeline for the completion of this contract.

Your submission must be comprehensive to include the role of the recruiting agency and the role of the university HR team and line management in the recruitment and selection process.

Submission Instructions: Submit your work as a Microsoft PowerPoint (.ppt) presentation. The body of your presentation should include at least 10-12 presentation slides, plus a title slide, introduction slide(s) detailing the presentation agenda, and a reference(s) slide for a total of no more than 15 slides.

You must support your ideas, arguments, and opinions with independent research, and include at least three (3) supporting references or sources (Note: do not use dictionaries, encyclopedias, Wikipedia, unknown, undated, or anonymous sources, such as brief articles from websites).

Helpful Tips:

Your grade will be based upon:

  • Use of PowerPoint software as a presentation and marketing tool, to include the use of color, graphics, and research citations.
  • Depth and applicability of the research that you conduct.
  • Effectiveness of the recruiting presentation and proposal as a consulting tool.
  • Critical thought and analysis.
  • APA formatting (APA, 7th Edition).
  • Use of the PowerPoint Notes section*

*Students will be graded on their use of the Notes section of the slides in formulating the narrative portion of the presentation to minimize lengthy wording on the slides. This approach will allow the use of bullet points on the slides but demonstrate the depth and scope of the research conducted in the Notes section.

Homework Question

 This course presented a number of different communication theories and applications that can be used in the workplace for individual or collaborative communication. For your final discussion of the course, assume the role of a manager and draft your personal communication philosophy you will use in your new position. Employees always want to know the type of person they will be working with, especially how open and receptive that person can be.

In your post, present information you want your staff to know about your communication style and preferences. 

write a essay


Watch David McCandless’ 18-minute TED talk, The beauty of data visualization (Links to an external site.)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Zg-C8AAIGg

  • Write a 500-word review of the article or video. In writing the review you should consider the following:
  • Objectives: what does the article or video set out to do?
  • Concepts: what are the central concepts? Are they clearly defined?
  • Argument: What is the central argument?
  • Contribution: how well does the work advance our knowledge? 

Note as the reader I am not interested in a general descriptive overview of the article or video. You should be providing a critical assessment of the ideas and arguments that are being presented by the author. 


Using the information presented in Practical Project Risk Management Figure 6-3, “Common Influences on Risk Perception,” determine the conscious factors, subconscious factors, and affective factors for this project. Examine how awareness of such factors influences the decision to hire outside vendors. In addition, analyze how the stated factors help improve the overall facilitation and effectiveness of the risk management.

Business Management Memo – Job Performance


Please see memo assignment details below. I have attached the company profile and course materials, which must be referenced in the memo. In-text APA and bibliography must be included. The assignment must be 1-2 pages.

Explain your understanding of job performance and why it is important to a sustainable organization.

· In week 1, you envisioned the future direction towards which Virginia Meats Inc. needs to move. Given your knowledge of the company history and current status from the company profile, identify three areas that might challenge the employee’s performance as they move towards this goal. Be specific as to types of performance.

Explain your understanding of job commitment and why it is important to a sustainable organization.

· Given the future vision of Virginia Meats Inc., its history and current status from the company profile, identify three areas that might challenge the employee’s commitment as they move towards this goal. Be specific as to types of commitment.

Discuss how your role as manager relates to job performance and commitment. How will this role be challenged in the future workplace? Give three examples.

You must use course material to support your responses and APA in-text citations with a reference list.

Group discussion human resources management

Plagrisim should be zero and work according to instructions